A Case (MODEL) Study about the Cleveland Land Bank & Property

Submitted by ANGELnWard14 on Tue, 12/14/2010 - 19:01.

I am extraordinarily amazed at the highly educated folks who can make the laws, litigate the laws, and benefit from the laws---but who absolutely refuse to protect the little people under the law...

Where were the protective measures, grants, subsidies, and assistance for the low income homeowners along the way? This article is from 1999... It is a system designed to benefit the administrators not the residents.

 

CLEVELAND CASE STUDY SUMMARY MODEL PRACTICES IN TAX FORECLOSURE AND PROPERTY DISPOSITION

OVERVIEW:

The Cleveland Land Bank serves as the primary vehicle for the acquisition and disposition of tax-delinquent properties to community based organizations in the City of Cleveland. A 1976 state statute allows any Ohio municipality to establish a Land Reutilization Program (or, a land bank) for purposes of acquiring, managing and disposing of delinquent land to reinstate such properties to tax revenue status. In 1988, House Bill 503 strengthened the 1976 state statute.

MODEL ELEMENTS OF CLEVELAND'S SYSTEM:

1.

Cleveland Land Bank:

Property taxes in Cuyahoga County are collected twice a year. After a year of missed payments, property is certified as tax delinquent at which time foreclosure proceedings begin. The County generates a list of all tax delinquent properties against which foreclosure proceedings have been initiated or are pending. From this list, the city identifies the properties it wishes to acquire for the land bank and submits the list to the County.

Upon receiving Judgement of Foreclosure and Order of Sale, the parcel may be made available for purchase at a Sheriff's sale, which are conducted three times a year (property owners have a redemption period of fifteen days for properties sold at a Sheriff's sale). Parcels not sold after two Sheriff’s sales are deemed forfeited and the City/land bank declared the winning bidder (approximately 1,000 properties are transferred to the land bank following Sheriff sales annually).

Properties that have not been identified by the City for transfer into the land bank are forfeited to the State of Ohio to be sold at an Auditor’s sale to the highest bidder.

Property entering the land bank is title free and clear of all other private leans and interests, and subject only to covenants and easements created before the tax delinquency arose.

CDCs must submit a proposal for reuse to be evaluated by land bank staff, a neighborhood planner, and a neighborhood advisory council who must recommend councilmatic sign-off. Priority is given for new construction.

Property remains in the land bank - tax exempt - until a development proposal is submitted and approved.

The City maintains a public record of all parcels found in the land bank, typically 5,000-6,000 properties at a time.

Each year, 200-300 properties are gifted to the land bank by property owners in lieu of foreclosure.

The 1976 statute was strengthened in 1988 by House Bill 503 (see below). Enabling Legislation: In 1988, House Bill 603 was approved as a means of enhancing existing land acquisition legislation.

Streamline foreclosure process

Tax abatement

Elimination of in rem proceedings: County must identify all persons with any right, title, or interest in the tax delinquent property foreclosed upon, by certified mail. : HB 603 "allows for the abatement of delinquent property taxes when a parcel is placed into the Land Bank. Previously, land banked property carried the delinquency until it was purchased by a private owner."1

3.

Subsidy Sources:

Cleveland Housing Trust Fund

Neighborhood Development Activity Fund

Cleveland Neighborhood Partnership Program

IMPACT

Nearly 90% of all CDC properties are acquired from the land bank.

On average, 500 land bank properties are sold to CDC on an annual basis.

CONTACTS

1

1. Evelyn Sternad, Land Bank Manager, City of Cleveland Land Bank, 216-664-2869

2. India Pierce Lee, Senior Program Director, Cleveland LISC, 216-830-2791

Abandonment of Cleveland’s Housing Stock and Potential for Redevelopment of Vacant Land, Mark C. Hoffman, Housing Policy research program, The Urban Center, Maxine Goodman Levin College of Urban Affairs, Cleveland State University, June 11, 1990. CLEVELAND CASE STUDY SUMMARY MODEL PRACTICES IN TAX FORECLOSURE AND PROPERTY DISPOSITION

The Cleveland Land Bank serves as the primary vehicle for the acquisition and disposition of tax-delinquent properties to community based organizations in the City of Cleveland. A 1976 state statute allows any Ohio municipality to establish a Land Reutilization Program (or land bank) for purposes of acquiring, managing and disposing of delinquent land to reinstate such properties to tax revenue status. In 1988, House Bill 603 was introduced and approved to enhance the existing land acquisition legislation with provisions to expedite the foreclosure process (5% set-aside on income collected from delinquent taxes supports a research department), authorize tax abatement of land bank properties and eliminate

Property housed in the land bank is acquired by way of a Sheriff's sale or as a gift in lieu of foreclosure. A Sheriff’s sale is the auction of property whose owner has defaulted on the mortgage and has been foreclosed upon due to delinquent mortgages or real estate taxes. Cuyahoga County provides the city with a listing of all tax delinquent properties against which foreclosure proceedings have been instituted or are pending (exhibit A: foreclosure process). Subsequently, the city identifies properties it hopes to acquire for transfer to the land bank and submits the desired inventory to the county. Parcels not sold after two Sheriff’s sales are deemed forfeited and the city is declared the winning bidder whereupon parcels may be transferred to the land bank (or forfeited to the State of Ohio to be sold at an Auditor’s sale to the highest bidder). A property owner retains a right of redemption up to fifteen days following a Sheriff's sale, after which, the city takes title free and clear of all other private liens and interests, and subject only to covenants and easements created before the tax delinquency arose. In Cuyahoga County, Sheriff's sales take place three times a year.

The city may pass good title to a CDC or private party who wishes to redevelop a property or it may hold the land for future development (land bank property is tax exempt until sold). All prospective buyers of land bank parcels are required to submit a proposal for reuse in written form. Priority on the sale of a property is given to individuals or groups proposing new construction. Site plans are submitted to an appointed Neighborhood Planner for review and subsequently forwarded to the Neighborhood Advisory Council (NAC) for recommendation. All NAC recommendations must be approved by the City Planning Commission and City Council and Board of Control and must include: (1) holding a project for future research, (2) placing a parcel in the land bank for future development, or (3) legislation or councilmatic sign-off.

Legislative approval for buildable (4,800 sq. ft. or more) and non-buildable (less than 4,800 sq. ft.) parcels serves as authorization to move forward on a proposed project. "Upon approval, the buyer executes a purchase agreement with the city agreeing to pay the purchase price, to use the property in accordance with the proposal, and to observe all requirements imposed by the city as to the payment of real estate taxes, and maintenance and use of the property."2 Under the Land Reutilization Program, the price of the land is its fair market value. "The city may add any covenants or restrictions to the use of the land as it sees fit to ensure its effective reutilization."3

Community development corporations seeking financial assistance to conduct development projects may solicit or lobby for grants from various pools of funding sources in Cleveland. These include: the Cleveland Housing Trust Fund (established for the purpose of providing grants to support housing initiatives driven by community development corporations); the Neighborhood Development Activity Fund (at their own discretion, council members allocate $275,000-300,000 to fund community activities in their jurisdiction); and, The Cleveland Neighborhood Partnership Program (CNNP) comprised of LISC, The Enterprise Foundation and Neighborhood Progress, Inc.

Challenges and obstacles associated with the Cleveland Land Bank include capitalization of projects, CDCs’ limited capacity to take and rehab land acquired from the land bank and time consuming administrative procedures - particularly the legislative process and aldermanic approval. Finally, CDCs are eager for the City take a more active role in acquiring parcels with structures on them or accepting land with possible environmental contamination. They suggest that the city take a more aggressive approach in their overall land banking process by targeting properties beyond those that are tax delinquent.

2

in rem proceedings (limited notification of the sale of property made title companies reluctant to conduct quiet title action). A strong cooperative relationship among the city, county and CDCs serves as the bedrock of this highly successful disposition system. Ohio Ethics Commission

3

Acquisition/Disposition Techniques: Profiles of Techniques Utilized by Municipalities to Transfer Property to CDCs, Prim Lawrence & Associates and Erica Pascal Esq., March 1999.

: : : (CNNP) comprised of LISC, The Enterprise Foundation and Neighborhood Progress, Inc. : provides 21 council members with $275,000-300,000 each to be allocated at their discretion to fund community activities within their jurisdiction. : established to provide grants to support housing initiatives driven by CDCs. : The bill established a 5% set-aside of income collected from delinquent taxes to fund efforts to expedite the foreclosure process including a research department, a computerized service to conduct title searches and related-costs incurred by the offices of the County Prosecutor and Treasurer.

2.

( categories: )

I changed my mind, Dianna

hammer the fuck out of them

India Pierce Lee, Senior Program Director, Cleveland LISC

India Pierce Lee, Senior Program Director, Cleveland LISC, who appears to be in the center of this, moved over to the Cleveland Foundation from there... always wondered where she cut her chops to get that plum gig

Shows how long this mess has been in the planning and works - well over a decade of harm and corruption and we have Cleveland - unreal.

These people make HUGE MONEY!

Disrupt IT

email me about packaging this up for outside review

Angel - email me about packaging this up for outside review - norm [at] realneo [dot] us - I'll fill you in on the details.

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Just a brief up-date of the

Just a brief up-date of the research of city landbank properties sold for $1/$!00 over the past 14 years.

I have pages and pages of research from Cleveland City Records which shows properties transferred/acquired into the landbank and re-sold to high-end developers and hundreds of properties transferred and sold back and forth a number of times - creating a tangled web of trails to follow. 

There's got to be some kind of kick backs or lucrative benefits for the rich to be afforded the ability to purchase these properties - there are no equal rights for the common people.

Kickbacks for Developers....

Kickbacks are all legalized with the right connections: 

1) Remember, even though they bought them for $1.00...they were able to give an EQUITABLE VALUE to these properties that empowered them to use them as a leverage in the big scheme of capital investments towards leveraging dollar for dollar grants...Thus if they said the property was valued at $50,000 as a buildable vacant lot...then they got credit for that value and that much in funding towards their building project along with HOPE grant subsidies...it's an extraordinary web of money laundering for high end development! Below is a 1996 HUD outline of some of the original funding outlines! 

a) Brownfield Development Funding (See the properties of Battery Park as an example).

b) 15 year tax abatements

c) Tax Credits for new development that is supposed to be low-moderate income housing...

d) HUD Funding for administration costs:

        1) Empowerment Zone funds (East side of Cleveland) 

          2) Enterprise Zone Funds

          3) Supplemental Empowerment Zone Funds

          4)  Home Ownership Zone funding collaboratives VISIT THIS LINK below for the outline of funding to our area...

http://www.hud.gov/offices/cpd/affordablehousing/programs/hoz/funding/hoz96/ClevelandOh.cfm

Jerleen

Can I get a copy of the landbank properties from you?

Jerleen...thank you...

for working so hard with all the others; especially, since, you are so busy with your personal life, and still find the time to "TEAM" with all and provide us with vital information...on this site. A blessed and Merry Christmas to you and yours.

I really don't know that I

I really don't know that I do much but thank you.

I really wish that I had more time because there is so much that needs to be covered.  Everyone is putting forth much effort and all deserve our thanks and gratitude.  Lilly has really tremendous progress with the Tax properties exposure. 

Angel came through with over 100 signatures for Guy to present to the Court.

Oldroser is keping us updated on the ODOT situation.

Even though we are making slow progress, we have really accomplished quite a bit just by being vigilant.

united we stand - divided we fall. 

I do expect things to settle down following the holidays and hope to get back on track. 

My wish is for everyone to have a wonderful holiday season and that all the loved ones are safe and warm.

Gotta go right now, I have a three year old looking for a snack.  He and his dad have a request in for homemade chocolate chip cookies today. 

 

 

 

Again and again...no protection of the 14th Amendment...

The due process of life has been annihilated by these corrupt sharks who were literally all in bed with each other doing their backroom deals... They mostly don't have kids that they are worrying about so none of it really matters to them....so long as they eradicate the helpless folks around them in their business transactions!!!

If only you all could hear their evil laughter ringing in your ears with that Jimmy Dimora middle finger pointing up at you directly in your nightmares daily... then you might understand what an insult it is to the rest of us as we work to help the families who have been devastated by their tactics...

 

WEASELS....CHISLERS....

was my Grandma's description of these corrupt sharks...who try to make the people BELIEVE "THEY" are doing us a favor...

Gus Frangos

Cleveland Land Bank predates Cuyahoga County Land Bank--Gus Frangos may have crafted the legislation for Cleveland Land Bank--he was the Tremont/Downtown councilperson at the time that land bank parcel transfers went into high drive. 

Frangos now heads up Cuyahoga County Land Reutilization Corp aka County Land Bank.  His brother Louis runs Frangos Group--makes big money on parking lots.  Frangos appointed Gary Paulenske as councilperson --Gary Paulenske is currently on scandal plagued Boards of Revision. 

http://blog.cleveland.com/metro/2010/08/secretive_and_possibly_illegal/691/comments.html

Ed Fitzgerald

Shut down the land bank.  It is only a continuation of Plymouth Park Tax Services.  A con game to take from the poor and give to friend/families and developers that are probably paying with prostitutes.

Time is up on Evil Land Bank, Santakakis, and his little elves

I've found new planners to take all this over for these crooks - they are called the Feds but aren't the FBI.

They are the Federal Government, et al, and they are coming to this unsustainable, socially unjust Green Zone and cleaning up, despite corrupt local leadership here, who made this such a toxic disaster. Time is up on The Evil Land Bank, Santakakis, and his little elves too.

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"Abandonment of Cleveland’s Housing Stock and Potential for..."

"Abandonment of Cleveland’s Housing Stock and Potential for Redevelopment of Vacant Land" - the title of the report referenced as the basis for the Land Bank robbery says it all, when you add the conclusion of this report... "They (CDCs) suggest that the city take a more aggressive approach in their overall land banking process by targeting properties beyond those that are tax delinquent."

Cleveland leaders redefined "abandoned" to mean "tax delinquent" and made it impossible to escape delinquency... and added corrupt building inspection to speed things up... nasty ways for really shitty people to target properties beyond those ABANDONED and make life miserable for Clevelanders.

Implementing all this, for decades, is friend of developers Frank Jackson - as Councilma and Mayor - proud CSU multi-degree holder...

Born and raised in Cleveland, Mr. Jackson attended the Cleveland schools, received an associate’s degree from Cuyahoga County Community College, and bachelor, master and law degrees from Cleveland State University. He received CSU's Distinguished Alumni Award in 2006.

A Vietnam War veteran, he was elected to Cleveland City Council in 1989 to represent Cleveland’s Ward 5. He served as council member for 16 years, during which time Ward 5 enjoyed a revival with a thriving community, new housing developments and new small businesses. Councilman Jackson's work benefitted not only his own ward but the entire city as he attracted millions of dollars in new investments from the federal government and private sector. He served as chair of the Community and EconomicDevelopment Committee and during that time, worked to renew downtown and neighborhoods.

In 2002, Mr. Jackson was elected by the 21-member City Council to serve as Council President. During his tenure, City Council worked to retain jobs, encourage new businesses and growth in the city, and improve the quality of life for people in Cleveland. In 2005, his commitment to the City of Cleveland prompted him to run for Mayor.

Mayor Jackson wants his time in office to be judged on "what we do for the least of us." His vision for Cleveland is "One People, One City, One Mission."

You see where one of the core corruptions can be found - The Urban Center, Maxine Goodman Levin College of Urban Affairs, Cleveland State University - they are funded by Foundations and corporations a little - and the PUBLIC ALOT - yet they really only work for the foundations' and corporations' powers that be, who want public-funded workforce development and all the land in Cleveland back from everyone they ever fire - so in 1990 they have the esteemed and trusted scholars of the lofty Cleveland State write a report - probably editied by McKinsey consultants, as that is probably where Brad Whitehead was back then - with the title "Abandonment of Cleveland’s Housing Stock and Potential for Redevelopment of Vacant Land" to devise systems to steal property from the poor and give it to the rich - ASTOUNDING THEFT OF TAX DOLLARS.

Damage done, Mark C. Hoffman b'levin Levin and Cleveland and is now an Associate Professor in Grand Rapids - he doesn't have to live with this mess... didn't lose his home during a layoff... he just provided the two pieces of paper to validate to the courts the systems for corrupt government to ruin Cleveland, and b'levin.

Some interesting related updates...

Levin College Faculty and Staff Applause

June 2010-July 2010

The In Tribute to the Public Service Award event was held on Tuesday, June 8th at the Hanna Theater and Mayor Frank Jackson was our 2010 honoree. It was a record breaking success, thanks to our Steering Committee Chair person, Valarie J. McCall and our Host Committee. Both the Steering and Host Committee helped raise over $80,000 in scholarship money. During his presentation of the award to Mayor Jackson, Samuel H. Miller, Co-Chairman of the Board and Treasurer of Forest City Enterprises, Inc., announced he would personally contribute $20,000 for a scholarship fund in Mayor Jackson's name. Many thanks to Mr. Miller and to everyone who contributed to the event.

December 2009-January 2010

CSU's Center of Economic Development was awarded an $85,194 contract with the Northeast Ohio Sewer District to look at both the direct and indirect economic benefits to the region the sewer district is having.

 

You may recall citizens are going to have to pay 3X in sewage bills in the coming years to these people using OUR MONEY to pay CSU to write PROPAGANDA like the "Report" about the benefits of the Land Bank - "They (CDCs) suggest that the city take a more aggressive approach in their overall land banking process by targeting properties beyond those that are tax delinquent."

Pretty soon, if you can't afford your water bill, Plymouth will take your home... THANKS CSU!!!

Disrupt IT

Now this is FREAKY - Rokakis is on Visiting Committee

Now this is FREAKY... the people behind this mess...the  Visiting Committee - Rokakis is on Visiting Committee

You don't get more made and corrupt than that... look at the friends he has, who will all be DISGRACED for their association with this - Lily, Angel, Jarleen... GO AFTER THE MEMBERS OF THE VISITING COMMITTEE BEHIND ROKAKIS AND ALL THESE PROPERTY THEFTS DIRECTLY - GO AFTER CSU, LIKE I HAVE - LET THEM KNOW PESONALLY THEY DO NOT DESERVE A MERRY CHRISTMAS - THEY SHALL NOT HAVE A HAPPY NEW YEAR

2010-2011 Visiting Committee Membership

Visiting Committee Chair

Jeri Chaikin
Visiting Committee Chair
Chief Administrative Officer
City of Shaker Heights, Ohio

Members

Patricia J.  Britt
City Clerk, Clerk of Council
City of Cleveland

John J. Carney
Landmark Management

Robin C. Cottingham
Senior Vice President
Kay National Banking RISC Office

William M. Denihan
Chief Executive Officer
Cuyahoga County Mental Health Board

William B. (Barry) Doggett
Sr. VP Public & Community Affairs
Eaton Corporation

Sari Feldman
Executive Director
Cuyahoga County Public Library

José C. Feliciano, Jr.

David S. Goodman
Managing Partner, Cleveland
Squire, Sanders & Dempsey LLP

Raymond C. Headen
Bond, Structured, and Public Finance Practice Group
Bricker & Eckler LLP

Christopher O. Johnson
Vice President, Public Finance Economic Development Group
Fifth Third Securities

Jeff Johnson
Jeff’s Nation, LLC

Sally Conway Kilbane

James Levin 
Artistic Executive Director
Ingenuity Cleveland

Dr. Jared S. Levin
Center of Orthopedic Surgery

James McCafferty
County Administrator
County of Cuyahoga

Valarie J. McCall
Chief of Government Affairs
City of Cleveland

Randell McShepard
Vice President, Public Affairs
RPM, Inc.

Petra Mitchell
President and CEO
Catalyst Connection

Bruce Murphy
President
Community Development Banking
KeyBank

Anthony C. Peebles

Jim Rokakis
Cuyahoga County Treasurer

Christopher Ronayne 
President
University Circle Incorporated (UCI)

Alan Schonberg

Tom Schorgl
President & CEO
Community Partnership for Arts and Culture
(CPAC)

Joseph M. Shafran
Paran Management Company

Michael Taylor 
President and Executive Director
National City Community Development Corporation

Nina Turner
Senator
State of Ohio

 

Hector Vega

Linda Warren
Senior Vice President, Community Finance
Neighborhood Progress, Inc.

Brad Whitehead
President
Fund for Our Economic Future

LEVIN COLLEGE, CSU

Edward W. (Ned) Hill, Ph.D.
Interim Dean
Levin College of Urban Affairs
Cleveland State University

Wendy Kellogg, Ph.D.
Associate Dean
Levin College of Urban Affairs
Cleveland State University

Stuart Mendel, Ph.D.
Assistant Dean
Levin College of Urban Affairs
Cleveland State University

Steven A. Minter
Executive-in-Residence, Cleveland State University
Fellow, Center for Nonprofit Policy & Practice, Levin College of Urban Affairs
Cleveland State University

Faith N. Noble
Director for Finance and Administration
Levin College of Urban Affairs
Cleveland State University

Lisa D. Pastor
Development Associate
University Advancement
Levin College of Urban Affairs
Cleveland State University

EMERITI MEMBERS

Bruce H. Akers
Mayor, City of Pepper Pike

William S. Gaskill

Allan C. Krulak
Vice President, Director of Community Affairs
Forest City Enterprises, Inc.

Dennis Madden
Executive Director
Medical Mart Project

Joseph A. Marinucci
President and CEO.
Downtown Cleveland Alliance

James Mason

Stanley R. Miller
Executive Director
Cleveland Branch NAACP

Margaret N. Mitchell

Deborah L. Neale
Neale & Associates

Betty K. Pinkney

Richard W. Pogue
Counsel
Jones Day

William J. Reidy

Claire Rosacco
Vice President of Government Affairs and Community Outreach
Cuyahoga Community College

Carlton B. Schnell, Esq.
Partner, Retired
Arter & Hadden

Hilton Smith
Vice President for Community Affairs
Turner Construction Company

Margaret S. Wheeler

Charge to the Maxine Goodman Levin College of
            Urban Affairs Visiting Committee
      The primary purpose of the Visiting Committee is to provide advice
and support to the Maxine Goodman Levin College of Urban Affairs in its
mission as a major academic, research, and community service unit of
Cleveland State University. Specifically, the Visiting Committee will:
         •  Assist in the refinement of a long-term strategic plan for the
            College of Urban Affairs that addresses the development of a
            strong academic capability and building of an urban research
            and technical assistance program; provide critical advice in the
            identification of relevant environmental factors, assessment of
            the College’s current capabilities, and the formulation of long-
            term priorities, goals and related program and personnel needs.
         •  Assist in designing an effective recruitment program to attract
            top quality faculty, staff and students.
         •  Provide a forum for interaction with employers of the College of
            Urban Affairs, students, and groups who can benefit from the
            College’s research, training, technical assistance, and data
            programs for the purpose of improving our academic, research,
            and community service activities.
         •  Report its activities and recommendations in writing annually to
            the Board of Trustees.

         The following overall goals support the aforementioned charges to
      the Visiting Committee:
            •   Develop an enhanced awareness of the Maxine Goodman
                Levin College of Urban Affairs’ mission, goals and objectives.
• Serve as front-line ambassadors for the Levin College of
  Urban Affairs and Cleveland State University.
• Provide intern opportunities, career counseling, and job
  placement whenever possible and appropriate.
• Support and enhance the College’s efforts to attract and
  secure funding from private and public sectors.
• Participate fully in the annual “In Tribute to the Public
  Service” fundraiser.
• Serve as guest lecturers in regularly scheduled classes or at
  specially convened forums.
• Share expertise with the Maxine Goodman Levin College of
  Urban Affairs faculty, staff and students.
• Identify funding sources for the Levin College of Urban
  Affairs.

 

Seems like some freaky cult to me.

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Tunnelvision Leadership

It amazes me moreso how much "Tunnelvision" some individuals have in this scheme of conducting strategic planning on behalf of our community at large...There's a lot of overpaid folks who remain codependent on the "needy" quotas that drive their "NOT FOR PROFIT INDUSTRY" locally.

They are not planning to build a brighter future-they are planning on how to keep the (not for profit) systematic structures sustainable as the people depart and dimish quotas that keep their business healthy....

Start with Housing: 

How many homeless do we have? 

How many convicts living in half way houses do we have? 

How many vacant houses are in the landbank? 

How much money that goes to overpaid salaries could be credited to places like HOME DEPOT for free supplies that would empower those people to rebuild the housing stock? How many of those folks would work their behinds off to actually have the opportunity to own a home free and clear? 

Give the folks those houses, give them huge credits for rehab work, and stop discriminating and steering funding to pay to play contractors to sustain the rich folks...

Be TRUE PHILANTHROPISTS and take out the self interest! 

Big Govt consumes the little people...

Did anyone of these folks ever come up with a small checklist of ways to actually help the struggling families, the low income seniors, or to make sustainable living for the folks of our region reasonably affordable??? 

Did any of these Godly entities look for resolutions that worked on prevention, protection of people's rights, and wrap around services that helped keep families thriving and overcoming socio economic issues? 

What was "Community Development" supposed to be over the last 35 years? It has predominantly DESTROYED the sense of Community we once knew in Cleveland, Ohio? 

Collaboratives???? Apparently, they are studying the ideas of collaboratives, communications, and researching it all.... all of these highly educated folks cannot come up with REALISTIC PROPOSALS??? 

Do you know why? Because if they created a system that actually built up our families, assisted them to achieve their aspirations, and provided them with coordination through a transparent system of services-then everyone would see who's really helping who and the doors to success would begin to OPEN in Cleveland, Ohio....and none of these folks who are CODEPENDENT on the NEEDY QUOTAS would have a job! 

We are at PREDICTABLE LEVELS...

There's an ENTIRE INDUSTRY OF REAL ESTATE BUSINESS to reclaim, rebuild, construct, and Revitalize our community...But only the select "WELL CONNECTED" folks get to play in that field...and they happen to be ROKAKIS ASSOCIATES....

This entire fails to provide the public with a realistic "plan" that builds them up...and that galls me...